The mandate of the Security Council is to maintain international peace and security, and to take action whenever that peace and security is threatened. The Council’s authority is particularly relevant with respect to the UN’s four primary purposes, as specified in the Charter of the United Nations: maintaining international peace and security; developing friendly relations among nations; cooperating in solving international problems; promoting respect for human rights, as well as being a center for harmonizing the actions of nations.
Chapters VI and VII of the Charter of the United Nations specifically concern the Security Council and the range of actions that can be taken when settling disputes. The main goal is always to dissolve the disputes, Chapter VI aims to achieve this by peaceful means, whereas Chapter VII explores further actions that can be taken should peaceful means be ineffective. As noted in Chapter VI, the role of the Security Council is to determine the severity of the dispute brought before the body and the impact of the dispute internationally. Any Member State is able to report a dispute to the Security Council.
The Security Council is responsible for making recommendations to broker peace, that take into consideration the previously attempted measures by the parties involved. Under Chapter VII, the Security Council has the authority to implement provisional measures aimed to deescalate the situation. If the provisional measures are ignored or are unsuccessful, the Security Council may decide to call upon military forces to act on behalf of the UN. The Charter of the United Nations provides the Security Council with a number of powers in order to guarantee international security.