The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA, GA) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and the only one in which all member nations have equal representation. Its powers are: to oversee the budget of the United Nations, to appoint the non-permanent members to the Security Council, to receive reports from other parts of the United Nations and to make recommendations in the form of General Assembly Resolutions. As such, to execute their many functions, the GAs have established a wide number of subsidiary organs.
The Third Committee of the United Nations General Assembly - the Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Committee (SOCHUM) - focuses on issues dealing with fundamental human rights in the international community. SOCHUM was founded in 1948 in reaction to the establishment of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights. An important part of the Committee’s work is focusing on the Human Rights questions in order to venture for better compliance of them in every region of the world. In addition, it accepts reports from Special Representatives, Working Groups and other Special Procedures as well as from the Human Rights Council.